First Republic

The economic conjuncture, according to Loyal, was the economic decay of the farmers. This decay caused weakness of the power politician of the colonels face of its dependents and rivals. The maintenance of this power passed, then, to demand the presence of the State, that expanded its influence in the ratio where diminua of the land owners. The coronelismo was fruit of alteration in the relation of forces between the agricultural proprietors and the government and meant the reinforcement of the power of the State before the predominance of the colonel. The historical moment where if it gave this transformation was the First Republic, that lasted of 1889 up to 1930.

For Jose Murilo: the coronelismo is, then, a system national politician, based in bargains between the government and the colonels. The state government guarantees, for low, the power of the colonel on its dependents and its rivals, over all yielding the control to it of the public offices. It is the phase of longer process of relationship between the farmers and the government. The coronelismo did not exist before this phase and it does not exist after it. It died symbolically when he gave himself arrest of the great bahian colonels, in 1930. Definitively it was embedded in 1937, after that to the implantation of the New State and to the falling of trees of Flowers of the Wedge, last of the great caudilhos gauchos. In the coronelismo, defined for Loyal, ' ' the control of the public office is more important as instrument of domination of what as empreguismo. The public job acquires importance in itself, as income source, accurately when the clientelismo grows and decreases coronelismo' '. In its conception, the coronelismo: it would be a particular moment of the mandonismo, accurately that one where the mandes start to lose force and have to appeal to the government.


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