Since 1917

From 1913, oil exports acquire significant level until 1926, when they assume the lead role in the country’s trade balance, Venezuela is the oil, Venezuela is behind the agrarian economic structure changes, production Oil makes the economy turn around a new axis of export and emerging factors underlying a different organization of space. The oil Venezuela is characterized in space by the existence of a structure in which there are two key areas: the center and periphery, this implies the existence of a distribution of economic activities in which there is a greater importance of sites on the coastal and mountainous hinterland locations.This gives the area north-central coast and particularly the metropolitan area of Caracas, a centralizing role of population, economic activities and political and administrative steps, while the rest of the country participates little in the national development, it which will print a peripheral character. Excessive concentration of socioeconomic activities in the central-northern slows overall national development, for such spatial organization only allows you squeeze its resources to the periphery and reduced to a sluggish economic situation. This spatial imbalance can be overcome through the implementation of regional development policies, which require the formulation and implementation of regional development plans. This requires establishing administrative regions. The regional development plans have coordination outstanding characteristic in the space of the various economic and social activities of the future.

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