Pipeline Parts

Holes in the pipes with a diameter up to 40 mm for welding nozzles must be performed by drilling, milling or cutting down on the press. The hole diameter should be equal to the inner diameter of the pipe with an allowable deviation Niemi 1 mm. Galvanized steel pipes, parts and components are assembled in the screw with fittings of ductile iron, the nut and flange (with valves and equipment). Galvanized steel pipes with a diameter of 50 mm nominal bore and over are allowed to adopt a compound welding. Compound non-galvanized steel pipes, parts and assemblies of them should be carried out on welded-ke, thread, nut and flange (with valves and equipment). For threaded joints of steel pipes should be used cylindrical pipe thread that runs according to gost 6357 (accuracy class B) thumb on the light tubes and thread – in ordinary and reinforced. Turns pipes in heating systems, gas and heating fol-em perform by bending pipes or the use of seamless weld elbows carbon steel according to gost 17375.

The radius of bending pipes nominal bore diameter to 40 mm inclusive. must be at least 2.5 Dn, and with a diameter of 50 mm nominal bore and more – not less than 3.5 pipe Dn. Do not use billets that are “corrugated” formed by the bending of tubes. (Source: Bill Shihara). In systems hot and cold water piping bends and junctions should be done by setting triangles, tees, crosses, gost 8943 and gost 8944, on-water treatment or bending pipes.

Private Building Constructions

Compared with them, design based on a wooden frame are cheaper, but they can be used not for every building and are used mainly in private construction. Scope of prefabricated buildings is very broad: it not only manufacturing and industrial facilities, and retail, office and administration buildings, warehouses, garages, dormitories, sports and entertainment complexes, private homes and more. Home Depot has plenty of information regarding this issue. Pre-fabricated structures can be used almost everywhere, except in cases when they should have a higher insulating properties (eg, bank vaults and premises for nuclear reactors) or in mass housing. The design of Modular buildings main structural elements of prefabricated buildings are supporting and enclosing structures. The main frame of the building bearing element pre-fabricated building is a rectangular frame made of high strength metal or wooden profiles. The frame has vertical rack and horizontal beams for fastening the outer and inner cladding, installation of windows, doors and interior partitions.

Metal parts of the carcass is usually handled by anti-corrosion coating, and timber – flame retardant. Metal frame can be either standard or made on the basis of thin-walled profile. The advantages of thin-walled metal frame enclosed in long lifetime and low load on the foundation, which is responsible for high-speed assembly and relatively low cost. Frame of light metal structures are easily assembled and disassembled, and what it does not require additional equipment or workers. When mounting design eliminates the welding work, which speeds up the assembly and improves the quality of design. Protecting designs Protecting designs, which include walls, roof, floors, doors, etc.

Fences Around Homes

Often directly if necessary to install a fence section, the owner of a private house or mansion in the countryside, there is a problem with option decision regarding the choice to the fence. Home Depot often addresses the matter in his writings. Necessarily the best option will be determined by a modern, fit into the core architecture of houses, solid fence with a persistent, multi-function gateway. Actually in this case, what exactly will be the gate will apparently be primarily determined comfort, as well as the image of the cottage as a whole. That is why the choice of the gate will be definitely very carefully approached. Thus the best option of any gate, at the present day, are automatic gates. This type of gates, enables a long time to feel personally comfortable and, in turn, in complete safety, not to mention the beautiful appearance of the corresponding directly to perfectly fit to any desired type of fencing.

In addition, it is worth noting that the automatic doors are available in 2 different options, sliding and swing gates. Possible, alternative form of automatic gates will be mandatory to be in Depending on some nuances, but the main will be the type of fencing, gates required dimensions, and certainly the desire of the owner. For example, some types of fence as well and will definitely have a wide entry into the yard, you need to install swing gates. When installing a steel fence, one hundred percent fit metal gates swing. In the case of small area under the gate, the best possible option would be sliding gates. Be sure to also mention that absolutely any significant advantages of automatic gates are various ways to complete these gates. Say, automatic swing gate, there a few species that actually allows you to control the gates as a single point and with control. In addition, automatic sliding gate, includes a variety of kits, which include a direct component to sliding doors, allow for installation of sliding gates, able to move left or right on the direct request of the owner, or because of any of some certain features.

Need to separately focus on aspect of the proper installation of such gates. Directly so much importance to what particular version of the gate, the owner of his cottage, wish to establish whether it will swing automatic gates or sliding is not will have the practicality of their long work properly. The principal value of durability, reliability and comfort of their proper use will be mandatory to have a selection of companies implement this kind of species automatic gates and dealing with their mounting. Quality automatic gates have a long term faithful work, in addition, respectable companies give their own warranty, directly as a whole realized products and its installation. In addition, such a company in-one procedure after the installation of automatic gates, takes on himself all the warranty and subsequent maintenance of all systems of this kind of gate. Any automatic gates, are immediately one of the smart home system that has been notably active is gaining momentum and enjoys a large consumer demand. In an embodiment, if the owner of the cottage is not originally planned to mount a system of smart home, then after the installation of automatic gates, he could definitely be convinced that the initial step toward creating a smart home, he clearly has done.

Plumbing Style

Even if you do and be able to find spare parts for a plumber, a long search, the long waste of your time and nerves and not the fact that the spare part will cost you less of a new set, and in some cases possibly several times more expensive. We are confident that many of you have encountered the same problem. Or consider the following scenario. You left a long time, no matter where, say on vacation and gave the newly installed plumbing leak. Well if you have a private house or apartment on the first floor, in which case you only limited to repair your home.

And if not, if you have a few floors and you have them flooded. What then? If you have purchased a quality plumbing, which has a guarantee and the availability of service centers in Russia, then no problems. You call a specialist from the service center of the producer of sanitary ware and assess the damage. In that case, if the fault occurred is not your fault. The manufacturer is obliged to pay all costs associated with damage from faulty plumbing. That is why we once again reiterate that the plumbing should be qualitative, not necessarily expensive, but quality.

Try to choose high-quality European manufacturers of sanitary ware. Also worth attention designer's execution and colors. Carefully consider every detail design bathroom, shower or kitchen before you choose a plumber. Plumbing must conform to style direction of the house or apartment. Agree that it is not logical to look in the style of plumbing hi tec, when design solution throughout the residential zone enforced in the country style.

Roger Jett Cable

In adaptable to the needs of data center premises wiring from the ceiling needs to bypass a variety of obstacles. And although such "maneuvers" can be met (as, essentially, and have sometimes Green's deal with the company for its customers), they are not always simple and cheap. For some data center managers when deciding about the place pulling cable is a critical factor such as the external appeal halls. "Some data centers have become places of" entertainment concepts ", arranged by the owners for their clients or investors – notices from the company Panduit. – Many of the owners of DCs do not want anything to place over the enclosure for aesthetic reasons. " There are other reasons that may persuade the owner of a data center to accommodate cabling under the raised floor.

During her presentation, Julie Roy of C2 Consulting companies stated that Most computer systems provide connections for cables from below. And Roger Jett adds that many users a cable channel over the cabinets and the other – under the raised floor. In some cases, users pave the raised floor only power cables, and sometimes – and the power and information. Where to go under the floor of Andy said that, if the information cabling runs under the raised floor, "to protect and support introduced into the racks and racks of cables is very important to lay the cable route in the immediate vicinity of the entry to the specified mounting components. "When you pave the cable under the raised floor, it is important to place it as possible above concrete floors of the building and as close to the raised floor "- says Tony Lukabill of the company's gs Metals, adding that it provides a passage under the raised floor maximum possible volume of air flow. He also said that any passing under the raised floor cables, including power cables in the cold aisle data center should be placed in cable trays, mounted on concrete floors.

Cables of various types better be laid in separate trays. Strict requirement in this situation is to install underground cabling support systems in the hot aisles DCs. In this case, the heat generated by cables will not heat the cold air moving in equipment. And if you have a need for access to the cables, then picked up floor tiles for access circulation is not disturbed airflow in the cold passage. How and when laying cable lines on top of the premises, the organization of underground cable channels requires coordination specialists scs with other services data center. Although, as already mentioned, ideally under raised floor should not take anything other than cold air, in reality, there is often lie and other engineering systems. When data center managers to make a decision about where to lay cable route – over the mounting racks or under the raised floor, they must take into account such factors as the specific design of the building, the need for cooling equipment and provision of aesthetic characteristics. Selection criteria – The set, and they can contradict each other. But regardless of the method chosen, including the simultaneous use of cable channels of both spaces, the problem with a circuit other communications services, data center you are actually guaranteed.

Zakarniznaya Lights

Me as a manager and designer of the project redevelopment own apartment, it was decided (of course, after consultation with all its inhabitants!) Set in a kitchen-living room as an additional coverage light. It seemed a relatively simple affair, a situation, however, is complicated by the high ceilings in an apartment and a lack of knowledge of technological intricacies of the issue. Originally, it was necessary explore options for technical implementation of the required design – zakarniznoy illumination. After careful examination of the proposals has developed the following picture: Fluorescent lamps; Neon; led Rope; Lamps bulbs. Option incandescent dropped for two reasons.

Firstly, a significant heating temperature – thereby suspended ceiling, which was planned to establish backlight, very quickly would come into disrepair (patches, etc.). and I did not mention the very likely risk of fire throughout this construction. Second, the cost of its name has been impossible, and in our tough times each kilowatt-hour counts. Of the remaining cost-effective options for implementing planned – zakarniznoy lighting – I just do not like neon. Mainly because of the need to install long, gas-filled glass tubes, clear of fragility system inspired some fears. After studying the last two options was chosen led Rope.

He was much more convenient in terms of retention and did not ask for a high voltage (several kilovolts) as is the case with neon or fluorescent lamps. In addition, in the latter case, expansion joints could get uneven lighting. led Rope is a flexible plastic cord (often called flexible light cord), in which increments of about 2.5 cm placed LEDs. They did not warm up, for the same reason, this illumination is 5 times more economic than conventional bulbs, which we are so accustomed to. Power supply to such illumination – box a little more than a matchbox. We are, incidentally, is also used to regularly change the flat bulb, while the life of zakarniznoy backlit with LEDs, or as it is often called, led still impressive. On prices for flexible light cord desired color showed considerable scatter (when it comes to stores in St. Petersburg); prices, as always, depend on the country of manufacture and ambitions of the seller. As a result, had to stop on the led duralight Chinese production price of the light cord was 800r for 10m. In LEDs, however, have one serious drawback – very limited choice of colors glow. Most common now is the cool white color, and only recently began appearing in stores led Rope warm white glow. He is somewhat more expensive than the "cold", but the eye is more pleasant. Options with other colors (yellow, green, red) were not considered in principle. It remained to decide what to use as a ledge – it's lights. About this (as well as some finer points of installing it to stretch ceiling) – In the second part of the article.

Modernization As A Form Of Investment Activity

The upgrade is a device to refurbish built premises. Upgrading involves improving stairwells, elevators, refuse chutes, the implementation of balconies and loggias, the replacement of certain types of supporting structures (walls, stairs, floors, roofs) improving the architectural expression of the building, rebuilding roofs, insulation and soundproofing of buildings, equipment missing types of engineering equipment or increase its level, conversion of external systems (except trunk). Isolation of modernization as a component of the reconstruction made on the basis of works in the existing dimensions. When upgrading rising consumer quality, the reconstruction may change as the dimensions and functional purpose of buildings and structures. For example, the modernization of the following types of works: conversion of unexploited space in the attic exploited, bringing all elements of the building to modern regulatory requirements for thermal resistance (thermal upgrading), protection of buildings against noise and vibration, enhancing the architectural expression or replacement type facades of buildings; device balconies, loggias, porches, terraces, full replacement of wooden floors on fire-resistant, complete replacement of windows and doors on the product with heat engineering characteristics meeting the regulatory requirements, the device window openings and separate entrances basements, renovations to heating systems, conversion of ventilation equipment systems, hot and cold water, outer and inner fire water supply, sewerage, gas supply to the accession to the existing backbone networks, systems, fire protection device, translate the existing electricity grid to increased computational load. The assignment of a particular type of work to repair the (current or capital) and reconstruction, including modernization in the first place should be for features and functions operation of the facilities upon completion of works, ie or a restoration quality (if it will repair both current and capital), or the acquisition of new qualities (if it will be reconstructed, including the upgrade).